Removing rainbow trout on the South Fork Snake River shown to be effective management tool
Over a seven week period during April and May, Fish and Game biologists conducted a logistics study to determine how effective it would be to stun, net and transfer rainbow trout from the South Fork of the Snake River to other local waters. Removing rainbow trout from the South Fork is part of an ongoing effort to reduce hybridization between the non-native rainbows and native Yellowstone cutthroat trout.
Biologists were able to remove 5,857 rainbow trout from the river using electrofishing equipment, which stuns the fish long enough for crews to net them, but does not injure fish.
“We learned that with a moderate amount of effort, we can be very effective with rainbow suppression on the South Fork,” says Fisheries Biologist Pat Kennedy. “Weekly catch ranged from 696 rainbows during the week of April 16, to a high of 1,919 the week of May 7, then decreased to 643 over the week of May 21.”
“Overall, we considered this trial effort of electrofishing suppression a success and it may be a tool to help native Yellowstone cutthroat in the South Fork in the future,” says Kennedy. “In some areas where rainbow and cutthroat are both known to spawn, rainbow trout abundances were significantly reduced, which will decrease the potential for hybridization between these two species.”
Anglers can help manage the South Fork’s rainbows
Fish and Game also provides a cash incentive program for anglers to harvest rainbows from the South Fork of the Snake River.
“There is no limit on the number of rainbows you can legally harvest in the South Fork, and some of them are worth $1,000,” says Kennedy. “All the money-tagged fish were released back into the South Fork, which increases the likelihood for anglers to catch a rainbow that is worth some money.”
All rainbows recently removed from the South Fork were transported to local fishing ponds and released for anglers to catch in these locations: